It is predicted in 2020, Every single device will be connected with Internet of Things and change the way we live. So far, Internet of Things has made difference in our live with smart home, smart office, and other smart environment. The effect of Internet of Things in our live can be seen these days. Here are 5 ways of IoT Technology around us:
1. IoT For Transportation
New York commuters have the Internet of Things to thank for shorter commutes. The city’s Canarsie subway line recently installed Siemens-made tracks and trains that can pinpoint location with far more precision than the old automatic block signalling system (which uses trackside lights to tell trains to stop and go based on when they pass fixed points). Because smart tracks know exactly where the trains are, that means the gaps between trains don’t need to be as large, allowing significantly more trains to run on the busy route—up to 26 per hour, instead of only 15.
Shipping is getting in on this, too. Germany’s main port of Hamburg—enabler of the country’s post-Second World War economic miracle—has faced several linked and bedevilling problems in recent years. Many of the 550 trucks that arrive at the port each day were idling for hours in long lines waiting for their ships to come in, or parking in residential neighbourhoods near the port, since harbour-side spots were scarce. With 10,000 ships unloading there each year, it often happened that too many arrived at once, jamming the relatively small harbour. Expansion wasn’t on the table, given the historic, highly populated nature of its location. Now, thanks to a project with Cisco and SAP, the ships and many of the nine million containers moving through the port transmit (and constantly update) their precise arrival times, so trucks can arrange just-in-time pickup and drop-off of freight. Truckers can even book parking berths remotely, so they don’t drive around looking for spots or clog other parts of the city by lining up.
Read also: IoT in Truck for tracking.
2. IoT for Manufacturing
The Harley-Davidson motorcycle plant in York, Pennsylvania, was built in 1973 as a typical assembly-line operation. But six years ago, it got a high-tech update courtesy of Cisco. Now, a slew of sensors linked to so-called manufacturing execution systems collate data from the factory floor to pinpoint any bottlenecks. When a rear fender was found to be holding up the process, managers shifted the layout so that the parts flowed directly onto the line, rather than being gathered and moved manually. In another room, sensors can tell whether the conditions—air flow, moisture—are optimal for painting and amend them as necessary. The system didn’t come cheap. One analyst recently told The Wall Street Journal that installing a manufacturing execution system into a single factory can cost between $500,000 and $1 million. But according to SAP (which provided the Harley plant’s software), the factory can now turn out 25% more bikes with 30% fewer workers. Instead of delivering one of its 1,700 bike variations in 21 days, it can manage delivery in a mere six hours.
3. IoT at Home and Office
The breakout success to date, particularly among the many earnest products aiming to reduce consumer electricity bills, is the Nest Learning Thermostat. With a clean design, a simpler interface than existing programmable thermostats and backing from Google (which paid $3.2 billion for the start-up in 2013), Nest has been making dramatic inroads in Canada, the U.K. and the U.S. Thermostats control more energy in your home than is consumed by your appliances, lights, TVs, computers and stereos combined. Nest boasts that its device—which “learns” your schedule, programs itself and can be controlled from your phone—could save users 20% on energy.
Other products are more in the novelty line. One of the hits of this year’s CES was Tagg, a way of remotely tracking the location and vitals of your dog or cat. Amazon announced in March a line of branded buttons you can stick around your house to enable you to order staples like laundry detergent and toilet paper with one push. Then there’s Brad, a smart but needy toaster that checks in with other toasters in his network to see how much action they’re getting and wiggles his toggle if he feels neglected.
Read also: Smart Home with IoT
4. IoT for Smart City
In Barcelona’s Born Market, sensors embedded into parking spaces relay real-time information on empty spots to an app for would-be parkers. Siemens recently gave a grant to a start-up devoted to building parking drones that could guide cars to available spots. Sound trifling? It’s not: Up to 30% of congestion is caused by drivers cruising the streets in search of a place to park.
Smart LED streetlights in San Diego turn on only when a pedestrian or vehicle approaches—the city recently replaced 3,000 old streetlamps with sensor-equipped ones to save an estimated $250,000 a year. The Brits, in an effort to deter hooliganism, are testing a lamp that comes on extra-bright when it detects banging and hollering, and is armed with cameras that transmit a live video feed to the cloud.
Tel Aviv is tackling traffic on busier roadways by reserving one lane for buses, shuttles, taxis and car poolers—and allowing impatient and deep-pocketed commuters to use the designated lane, as well. Sensors in the asphalt pick up the car’s licence plate number and automatically charge the owner’s credit card at a rate that varies depending on how busy the road is.
5. IoT for Health
There’s the booming market for fitness trackers like the FitBit, Apple Watch, Suunto and others, which has already surpassed $2 billion, with well over 84 million sold so far. These monitors measure heart rate, sleep patterns, diet, exercise and more, and beam that data to mobile apps. Soon, that information could be sent directly to your health care provider or insurer, which still rely on your word that, yup, you exercise four times a week and always take the stairs. U.S. insurer John Hancock (a subsidiary of Manulife) is offering clients up to 15% off premiums if they willingly hand over data that proves they lead a healthy lifestyle.
Read Also: Healthcare Apps to Save Your Live.